About Nepal

Nepal

Nepal is a multicultural multilingual and multiethnic country with a population of 28 million comprising of 125 sects and home to 8 of the world’s 10 highest peaks including Mount Everest, the roof of the world at an altitude of 29,029 ft (8848 m).

 

 

Kathmandu

The capital and largest metropolitan city of Nepal. Kathmandu valley consists of three main cities of great historic and cultural interest; Kathmandu, Lalitpur (Patan) and Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon). Population stands at 1 million.

Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. A conglomeration lies in capital city Kathmandu where cultures are blending to form a national identity and its culture is mostly influenced by Indian, Mongolian and Tibetan culture.

 

 

Pokhara

Pokhara lies 200 km west of Kathmandu at an altitude of 730 m to 1030 m. Pokhara is also recognized as one of the major destinations for adventure tourism. Micro-light flying, paragliding, rafting, sightseeing, boating, pony trekking and caving are extremely popular form of adventure tourism. Three out of the ten highest mountains in the world — Dhaulagiri, Annapurna I and Manaslu are within a linear distance of 50 km from the city.

 
 

Chitwan

Chitwan is located in the southwestern part of Narayani Zone with Bharatpur, as the fifth largest city of Nepal covering an area of 2,238.39 km (864.25 sq m). Bharatpur is a commercial and service centre of central south Nepal and merger destination for higher education, health care and transportation of the region.

Nepal’s first national park-The Chitwan National Park together with the adjacent Parsa Wildlife Reserve support a species diversity much higher than any other on the Indian subcontinent. Rare species include Bengal tiger, Gharial, Rhino, Leopards, Mugger crocodile, Indian rock python and several species of Deer. The protected areas are guarded by the Nepal Army and patrolled by anti-poaching units.

 

Lumbini

Lumbini- the birth place of Lord Buddha, is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Rupandehi District of Nepal. Lumbini has a number of temples, including the Mayadevi Temple with the Holy Pond called Puskarini where Buddha’s mother took the ritual dip prior to his birth and where he too, had his first bath. Many monuments, monasteries and a museum- the Lumbini International Research Institute are also located within the holy site. Lumbini was granted World Heritage status by UNESCO in 1997.

 

 

KEY FACTS:

CURRENCY

  • The Nepalese Rupee is the currency of Nepal. Thecurrency code for Rupees is NPR and the currency symbol is ₨. 1 USD= 109.26 as on 1 December 2016

TIME

  • GMT +5:45

LANGUAGE

  • The official language of Nepal isNepali. English language is spoken and understood by majority.

RELIGION

  • Nepalis famous, as the world’s only Hindu Kingdom. However, it is an intricate and beautiful tapestry formed by the interweaving of Hinduism, Buddhism and other beliefs.

 

 

WEATHER

  • The climatic conditions in Nepal vary from place to place as determined by its geographical features. The climate of a certain place is mainly influenced by the elevation of that place from sea-level. Generally, for every gain of 1000m in altitude, an average of 6°C drop occurs in temperature. Similarly, for every gain of 1000ft in altitude, an average of 3.3°F drop occurs in temperature.

The main 5 seasons of Nepal are spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter. The winter season in Nepal starts from December and ends in February. In winter, it is cold in the mornings and evenings, and warm during the day when sunny.

During May- June, the average day time temperatures are around 28°C whereas during the night the average minimum temperatures drop to around 20°C in Kathmandu.

Places Average Temperature in Celsius
Kathmandu Min:  20° C   Max: 28° C
Chitwan Min:  25° C   Max: 33° C
Lumbini Min:  25° C   Max: 39° C
Pokhara Min:  21° C   Max: 30° C

 

AIRPORT

  • The country’s only international airport and the hub of all air service in the country isTribhuvan International Airport, TIA.

 

VOLTAGE & ADAPTORS

  • The most commonly found are the two or three round prongs (not the flat prongs as in the USA). Nepal is 220V and 50HZ, so if your electronic devices are 110V and 60HZ then you’ll need a voltage converter as well.

 

COUNTRY CODE

  • +977 is the country code for Nepal and 1 is the dial code for Kathmandu.

 

FOOD

  • Food habits differ depending on the region. Nepali food has been influenced by Indian and Tibetan styles of cooking. Authentic Nepali taste is found in Newari and Thakai cuisines.The regular Nepali meal is dal (lentil soup), bhat (boiled rice) and tarkari (curried vegetables), often accompanied by achar (pickle). Momos (steamed or fried dumplings) deserve a mention as one of the most popular snack among Nepalis. Rotis (flat bread) and dhedo (boiled flour) also make meals in some homes

 

TORCH/ FLASHLIGHT

  • Frequent power cuts can put you in darkness, even though many hotels and shops have backup generators, it’s always better to be prepared.

 

PHOTOGRAPHS

  • Avoid taking pictures while visiting temples and it is advisable to take the person’s consent before taking individual’s pictures.

 

WILDLIFE

  • Of the total number of species found globally, 3.96 percent mammals, 3.72 percent butterflies and 8.9 percent of birds are found in Nepal itself.

 

CLOTHING FOR TREKKING

  • Windproof and water proof jackets
  • Loose trousers or track pants
  • Comfortable shoes- hiking boots and camp shoes
  • Rucksack
  • Headlamp
  • Trekking pole
  • Personal medical kit
  • Quick dry towels