Nepal is a multicultural multilingual and multiethnic country with a population of 28 million comprising of 125 sects and home to 8 of the world’s 10 highest peaks including Mount Everest, the roof of the world at an altitude of 29,029 ft (8848 m).
The capital and largest metropolitan city of Nepal. Kathmandu valley consists of three main cities of great historic and cultural interest; Kathmandu, Lalitpur (Patan) and Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon). Population stands at 1 million.
Customs and traditions differ from one part of Nepal to another. A conglomeration lies in capital city Kathmandu where cultures are blending to form a national identity and its culture is mostly influenced by Indian, Mongolian and Tibetan culture.
Pokhara lies 200 km west of Kathmandu at an altitude of 730 m to 1030 m. Pokhara is also recognized as one of the major destinations for adventure tourism. Micro-light flying, paragliding, rafting, sightseeing, boating, pony trekking and caving are extremely popular form of adventure tourism. Three out of the ten highest mountains in the world — Dhaulagiri, Annapurna I and Manaslu are within a linear distance of 50 km from the city.
Chitwan is located in the southwestern part of Narayani Zone with Bharatpur, as the fifth largest city of Nepal covering an area of 2,238.39 km (864.25 sq m). Bharatpur is a commercial and service centre of central south Nepal and merger destination for higher education, health care and transportation of the region.
Nepal’s first national park-The Chitwan National Park together with the adjacent Parsa Wildlife Reserve support a species diversity much higher than any other on the Indian subcontinent. Rare species include Bengal tiger, Gharial, Rhino, Leopards, Mugger crocodile, Indian rock python and several species of Deer. The protected areas are guarded by the Nepal Army and patrolled by anti-poaching units.
Lumbini- the birth place of Lord Buddha, is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Rupandehi District of Nepal. Lumbini has a number of temples, including the Mayadevi Temple with the Holy Pond called Puskarini where Buddha’s mother took the ritual dip prior to his birth and where he too, had his first bath. Many monuments, monasteries and a museum- the Lumbini International Research Institute are also located within the holy site. Lumbini was granted World Heritage status by UNESCO in 1997.
The main 5 seasons of Nepal are spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter. The winter season in Nepal starts from December and ends in February. In winter, it is cold in the mornings and evenings, and warm during the day when sunny.
During May- June, the average day time temperatures are around 28°C whereas during the night the average minimum temperatures drop to around 20°C in Kathmandu.
|Places||Average Temperature in Celsius|
|Kathmandu||Min: 20° C Max: 28° C|
|Chitwan||Min: 25° C Max: 33° C|
|Lumbini||Min: 25° C Max: 39° C|
|Pokhara||Min: 21° C Max: 30° C|
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